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Formula Lorentz Force Between Two Current-Carrying Wires Magnetic force    Electric current    Length    Distance   

Formula
Formula: Lorentz Force Between Two Current-Carrying Wires
Lorentz force between two current-carrying wires
Repulsive Lorentz force - two conductors with current flowing in opposite directions

Magnetic force

Unit
The magnetic part of the Lorentz force acts on a current-carrying wire because it is in the magnetic field generated by the other current-carrying wire.

Parallel, thin wires experience an equal force. Depending on the direction of the electric current, the force is either repulsive or attractive.

Electric current

Unit
Charge per unit time flowing through the first wire.

Electric current

Unit
Charge per unit time flowing through the second wire.

Length

Unit
The longer the wire, the larger is the Lorentz force on this conductor. Here it is assumed that the two wires are equal in length!

Distance

Unit
Distance between the two parallel wires.

Vacuum permeability

Unit
Magnetic field constant is a natural constant and has the exact following value:$$ \mu_0 ~=~ 4\pi \cdot 10^{-7} \, \frac{ \mathrm{N} }{ \mathrm{A}^2 } $$

Number Pi

Unit
Number Pi is a mathematical constant and has the value \( \pi ~=~ 3.1415926... \).