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Illustration Squared magnitude of a wave function (example)

Level 3
Level 3 requires the basics of vector calculus, differential and integral calculus. Suitable for undergraduates and high school students.

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Squared magnitude \( |\mathit{\Psi}|^2\) of the wave function of a particle in the infinite potential well (for \(n=3\)):\[ \mathit{\Psi}(x) ~=~ \sqrt{\frac{2}{L}}\sin\left(\frac{3\pi}{L}\,x\right) \]

The area under the \( |\mathit{\Psi}|^2\) is the probability. The probability between the points \(x=a\) and \(x=b\) is given by\[ P ~=~ \int_{a}^{b} |\mathit{\Psi}|^2 \, \text{d}x \]

The particle is most likely to find at the maxima of the function and most unlikely at the minima. The total area is 1 (normalization condition).

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  • Copyright: © 2020
  • This illustration was uploaded by FufaeV on .
  • This illustration was updated by FufaeV on .
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