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Illustration Electrolysis - Basic Principle

Electrolysis - Basic Principle
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During electrolysis, the electrolyte (an electrically conductive liquid) is decomposed into ion pairs. A voltage \(U\) is applied to the electrodes in the electrolyte. Negative ions then move toward the positively charged electrode (positive pole of the voltage source) and release electrons. Positive ions move to the negative electrode (negative pole of the voltage source) and accept electrons.