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Illustration Lorentz force: electron in a magnetic field

Lorentz force: electron in a magnetic field
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Electrons fly straight out of an electron gun with velocity \( v \). However, since the electron is located in a homogeneous magnetic field \( B \), which is directed towards the screen plane, the electron is deflected due to Lorentz force. A charged particle like the electron is subjected to a magnetic force \( F \) (magnetic component of the Lorentz force) when it flies through a magnetic field. The magnetic force is always orthogonal to the velocity, which causes the electron to move circular.