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A plate capacitor consists of two electrically charged plates (electrodes) One plate is positively charged with the charge \(+Q\) and the other plate is negatively charged with the charge \(-Q\). This charge difference on the plates is characterized by the electric voltage \(U\).
If, for example, a positive test charge \(q\) is placed between the two plates, the charge experiences an electrical force \(F\) towards the negative plate.