## Level 3

# Illustration **Coriolis acceleration, velocity and angular velocity - Vectors**

## Download

- Vector graphics (SVG) download
*awesome for websites* - Pixel graphics (PNG) download
*awesome for presentations*

**Share** — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format

**Adapt** — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.

**Sharing and adapting of the illustration is allowed with indication of the link to the illustration.**

Coriolis acceleration \( \boldsymbol{a}_{\text c} \) acts on a body (e.g. an airplane) if it moves with velocity \( \boldsymbol{v} \) and is in a rotating reference frame, like the earth. The angular velocity of the earth is \(\boldsymbol{\omega}\). It indicates how fast the earth is rotating.

Coriolis acceleration \( \boldsymbol{a}_{\text c} \) is always orthogonal to body's velocity \( \boldsymbol{v} \) and the angular velocity \( \boldsymbol{\omega} \). The velocity vector \( \boldsymbol{v} \) and the angular velocity vector \( \boldsymbol{\omega} \) include the angle \(\varphi\).