# Solid-state physics

Both your table and your coffee cup are (usually) in a solid state. Solid state physics studies all properties of solids, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, its atomic structure and other physical quantities.
Lesson
Level 3 (with higher mathematics)

## Photolithography: How to Make a Circuit in 7 Easy Steps

Here you will learn how integrated circuits in semiconductor technology are manufactured step by step using lithography technique.

Formula

Formula

Formula

## Hall Effect (Voltage, Hall Coefficient, Current, B-Field)

Lesson
Level 3 (with higher mathematics)

## Hall Effect: A Simple Explanation of How Hall Voltage is Induced

Explanation of what the Hall effect is, how exactly the Hall voltage is generated and how you can calculate it and the Hall constant.

Formula

## Hall Effect (Hall Voltage, Charge Carrier Density)

Video
Level 2 (without higher mathematics)

## Hall Effect and a SIMPLE Derivation of The Hall Voltage

Learn what the Hall effect is, how the Hall voltage is generated in a current-carrying bar in a magnetic field, and how this voltage is derived.

Content of the video
1. 00:00 Hall effect: Explanation
2. 02:19 Derivation of the Hall voltage / coefficient